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12. Nubios Cristianos. 550 d.C. – 1500 d.C. (en construcción)

Iniciado por juanbususto, 30 mar 2011, 08:54

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With the conversion of the Nobades to Monophysite Christianity circa 550, three Christian kingdoms arose in the Sudan: from nort,h to
south, Nobatia; Makouria based around modern Dongola, and Aiwa with its capital at Soba, near the junction of the White and Blue Nile&
Nobatia was conquered by Makouria circa 650-700, and thereafter the combined kingdom was sometimes just called Nubia The Nubians
fought successive Muslim Bgyptian iegimes - their decisive defeat of an Arab army at the first battle of Dongola in 643 was the first serious
reverse suffered by the conquering Arabs but also enjoyed long periods of peaceful trade with Egypt. The courts and nobilities of the Nubian
states were highiy civilised and rich from trade in gold, slaves and linen cloth, but the bulk of the population were poor peasants, many
living in straw huts, though some villages had houses of brick. The armies were renowtned for very effective foot archers, but the
commonest infantry weapons ofthe area in later times were a shortish straight sword and buckler, a stabbing spear and a number ofjavelins
This is consistent with accounts and some depictions of infantry in Fatimid service Mounted troops used both horses and camels throughout
the period; this is one of the few armies using charging candry Camel riders are described fighting against Arabs in 850, and others swathed
in black felt cloaks and arrrned with spears fighting the Mantluks in 1276. The court nobility probably provided the cavalry in goldembroidered
mbes seen in Nubian art, both mailed and unarmoured horsemen being depicted, while many of the cameiry may have been
provided by Beja or simi}arr tribal allies. Bedoum Arabs began to move south from Egypt after 1174, when the Banu Kanz tribe were
expelled by Saladin They set up an autonomous principality in northern Nubia, allied by marniiage to the kings of Makouria Mamluk forces
supported Nubian pretenders in 1276, several times in the period 1304-1323, and in 1365 The head ofthe Banu Kanz took the throne of
Makouria in 1323: they lost it in 1365, and what then happened to Makonria is obscure, though a Nubian successor-state called Dotawo
survived till at least 1484. AIwa also sufl~red from Bedonin incursions, and fell either to fledoum or to the Funj migrating from the south
circa 1500. Bedoum and Mamluk allies can be used together. Minima marked * apply only if any Bedowin are used

Fuente: DBM Army List Book 3.